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National Employer Survey
1994

Beyond the Incidence of Training: Evidence from a National Employer Survey
Lisa Lynch and Sandra Black
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = Adobe Acrobat,  Size = 324k,  Download

This paper investigates how school and post-school training investments are linked to workplace practices and outcomes in both the manufacturing and non-manufacturing sectors. The authors go beyond the simple measurement of the incidence of formal and informal training to examine the determinants of the types of training offered by employers, the relationship between formal schooling and employer-provided training, the links between investment in physical and human capital, and the impact that human capital investments have on the productivity of establishments. Among the findings reported in this paper, the authors demonstrate how increased productivity is positively associated with investments in human capital and how employers who hire better-educated workers experience appreciably higher levels of productivity.

 

Frequencies from the NES1994 Public Use File
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = Microsoft Word,  Size = 221k,  Download

This set of simple frequencies from the 1994 administration of the National Employer Survey lists all variables from the interview in a Word 97/98 file. Interested researchers may find this file useful as a high-level overview of the survey's variable distributions.

 

The Education and Training Nexus: Employers' Use of Academic Screens and the Provision of New-Hire Training
Robert Zemsky, Daniel Shapiro, Barbara Gelhard, and Maria Iannozzi
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = Rich Text Format,  Size = 149k,  Download

Using data from the EQW National Employer Survey, this study explores the savings and/or costs associated with employers' decisions to use (or not to use) school measures—grades, teacher recommendations, and school reputation—to screen job applicants. The preliminary analysis yielded three principal findings: establishments that use school measures to screen applicants have workforces with lower turnover during the first year of employment; within the manufacturing sector, establishments that use school measures to screen applicants provide more training to new workers; and it is the same set of establishments that uses school measures to screen job applicants, that invests in the initial training of employees, provides tuition benefits, reports increased skill requirements for jobs, and is more likely to have non-managers and non-supervisors using computers.

 

The Other Shoe: Education's Contribution to the Productivity of Establishments
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = Adobe Acrobat,  Size = 194k,  Download

This document presents analyses of 1994 NES data along two dimensions: how education relates to productivity and compares to other investments by employers; and what types of firms form partnerships with local schools. The analysis identifies an important paradox surrounding the disconnection between employers and schools: Why is it that employers benefit from the educational attainment of employees yet dismiss the schools responsible for providing the education?

 

First Findings from the EQW National Employer Survey
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = Adobe Acrobat,  Size = 212k,  Download

This publication presents the results of the initial analysis of data from the 1994 EQW National Employer Survey—the first survey to provide a baseline of information that documents the practices and expectations of employers in their search for a skilled and proficient workforce. The survey dispels or corroborates some commonly-held beliefs about employer practices: employers are buying new equipment, upskilling jobs, and increasing investment in the training and education of their workers; employers seldom use measurements of school performance—grades, teacher recommendations, and school reputations—to choose among qualified applicants; and employers report that only four out of five employees are fully proficient in their current jobs.

 

1994 National Employer Survey Instrument
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = Adobe Acrobat,  Size = 215k,  Download

In 1990, the National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce (EQW) began a series of systematic comparisons of the results, methodologies, and instruments of the national surveys reporting incidents of training. The analysis concluded that, given the disparity of estimates of training and the emerging debate over the efficacy of the nation's investment in work-related training, there was a need to create data that measure the current scope and scale of how and when the nation invests in the educational quality of its workforce. To address this concern, EQW began working with the U.S. Bureau of the Census to design and administer a national employer survey. This EQW Databook contains the survey instrument used by the Census to conduct telephone interviews with over 4,000 employers in August and September of 1994. The text published in this document represents the survey administered to the manufacturing sector, although wording for the non-manufacturing sector is included in italics whenever a difference occurred.

 

1994 NES Public Use Data in SAS Format and Documentation
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = ZIPPED File,  Size = 598k,  Download

This public use file is available to all researchers who are interested in working with National Employer Survey data. The downloaded ZIP file contains a SAS data set in transport format, as well as documentation. The data included here are slightly modified from those forming the basis of the reports available on this site. Some data in this public use file have been top-coded and some have been suppressed in order to ensure the absolute confidentiality of our respondents. (A guarantee of confidentiality is required for all information collected by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and all data for the National Employer Survey are collected by the Bureau. This arrangement has generated superlative response rates for this voluntary survey of business establishments. The original NES micro-data is available only at the Census Bureau to authorized Census employees.)

 

1994 NES Public Use Data in SAS 6.12 Format and Documentation
National Employer Survey 1994
Format = ZIPPED File,  Size = 638k,  Download

This public use file is available to all researchers who are interested in working with National Employer Survey data. The downloaded ZIP file contains a SAS data set in transport format (formatted to work with SAS versions 6.12 and later) as well as documentation. The data included here are slightly modified from those forming the basis of the reports available on this site. Some data in this public use file have been top-coded and some have been suppressed in order to ensure the absolute confidentiality of our respondents. (A guarantee of confidentiality is required for all information collected by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and all data for the National Employer Survey are collected by the Bureau. This arrangement has generated superlative response rates for this voluntary survey of business establishments. The original NES micro-data is available only at the Census Bureau to authorized Census employees.)